eBooks are everywhere. They’re on your tablet, your Kindle, your Nook, your phone, your computer, anyplace you want to read them. eBooks are easy to create, easy to distribute, and have managed to shake the traditional publishing industry in ways it would have preferred to not be shaken. There’s only one small problem with eBooks: some people prefer real books.
Indie authors who exist solely in the digital space are completely missing a lot of marketing opportunities. If you want to have your books sold in a bookstore, if you want to do a book signing, if you want to leave copies of your book lying around your workplace, you need to get that sucker printed.
Getting a book printed used to be an arduous affair. In fact, if you wanted to see your title in print you used to have to go through a publisher or have a large chunk of change lying around to pay a printer to print and bind your text for you. That’s all changing, though, through a magical process called print on demand services. I wrote a post nearly a year ago about the basics of how print on demand works; today we’re going to take a look at what you’ll need to feed to CreateSpace in order for them to make you a physical copy of your book.
Here’s what you’ll need to get started:
- A manuscript that you want to print
- A cover for that manuscript
- A copy of Microsoft Word or some other program that can handle creating and editing .doc files
- Some free time
- A CreateSpace account
I’ll be covering dealing with the cover next week and registering for an ISBN number and actually publishing shortly after that. For right now we’re going to focus on the intricacies of getting the manuscript ready to go.
First, take a deep breath and realize this isn’t rocket surgery. Keep a backup of your manuscript in case of catastrophe and a glass of scotch ready to go. This only looks intimidating. You might have to fight with Word a bit, but it’s really just following steps. The scotch is for when you’re done. Or when you get frustrated.
Or do you really need an excuse for scotch?
Before we dive fully in, there are a few things to keep in mind. This isn’t an arduous process, but it can be tedious and time-consuming. There’s a reason preparing documents for print used to be handled exclusively by experts but thanks the wonders of technology and the fact that a novel is a fairly simple thing to layout it’s something anyone can do with a bit of trial and error. Also, you need to keep in mind that with eBooks a reader can change things like font, spacing, margins, colors, and so on. That’s not going to be the case with printed text. If you have an excellent story but you think the Papyrus font is what you need to tell it in, you’re not going to sell very many copies. Do some research and keep things simple: people want to read a book, not be blown away by fancy layout. The design needs to emphasize readability.
I’ll be using screenshots of Henchmen here as examples – partially because I just went through this process redoing both my cover art and updating my text.
Step one is to decide what trim size you want to go with. Industry standards vary somewhat, but you’ll probably want to stick to something common. Traditional paperback books fall into a range of around 5″ x 8″ to 6″ x 9″. It goes without saying that a smaller book will likely have more pages than a larger book. This is important because the number of pages in a book effects its per unit price. The price to print each book is pretty high, so lower printing costs equals better royalties for you. For instance, Henchmen was 74,210 words long. At 6×9 that gave me 197 pages once it was formatted.
CreateSpace conveniently has a calculator (look on the royalties tab) you can use to determine your royalties. At 6×9, 197 pages, charging 6.99, I can expect to make $0.97 per copy sold through Amazon.com and $2.37 per copy sold directly through CreateSpace. At 5×8 I got 267 pages. Charging 6.99 per unit I’d get $0.13 per copy through Amazon.com and $1.53 per copy sold directly through CreateSpace.
Yes, the 5×8 is smaller, but has more pages and that’s what CreateSpace uses to calculate the cost. The larger book is cheaper than the smaller book.
Almost no one buys directly through CreateSpace, so $0.97 per unit it is. You can fiddle with the sizes and prices, but the standard seems to be 6×9. Anything beyond that and you risk getting weird looks from people. Non-fiction, manuals, and things like that might require different sizes and prices.
So, onto step one. You can get a template directly from CreateSpace or set up your own layout. I just grabbed one of CreateSpace’s templates and used it. If you are going to create your own template, set your paper size to 6″ x 9″. To set your paper size in Word go to the Ribbon Bar (that thing across the top that has all the tab. Yes, it has an official name: the Ribbon Bar), select Page Layout, go to Size, and look for More Paper Sizes at the very bottom. Click that and it will take you into you document setup.
While you’re there, you may as well set the margins, too. Look for the Margins tab and set the margins that work best for you. Mine came straight from Amazon’s template so they should have the official okey dokey. I used top, bottom, and outside at .5″, inside at .75″. Note: you won’t see inside until you specify Multiple Pages with Mirror margins.
Now you’re ready for the easy part. Open your manuscript, select everything, copy it, and paste it into your new CreateSpace document. Doubtless all your hard work on formatting will need some work in the new document. Get all that set and remember one key thing: this is exactly what your reader is going to see. They can’t override your fonts or change your line spacing. Look at books you like to read and start mimicking how they’ve done it. Keep the fonts simple: Times New Roman, Garamond, things like that. I used 12pt Garamond, justified, single-spaced, with a .3″ indent on the first line for paragraphs. Print some stuff off, read it, hand it around and let others read it, whatever it takes to get a good idea of readability.
Once the formatting is back where it should be it’s time to wrestle with page numbers. This is where you start dealing with Headers and Footers. Again, keep it simple and realize Headers and Footers are straight out of Hell. Word’s page numbering features are nice but there’s still one little bit of nastiness you need to take care of before you can start putting in page numbers. The problem with page numbering is it’s a very literal process. If you just double click at the top of your document (which takes you into Header/Footer editing mode) and add some page numbers with the Page Number drop down you’ll wind up number the text from the very first page.
This is usually considered bad form.
We’re going to break the document into sections to make the page numbering work. If you’re in Header/Footer mode click on the Close Header Footer button on the Header Footer Design Tools part of the Ribbon Bar. Most books have only two or three sections and only one of those really needs pages numbers. Henchmen was broken into three sections: Opening Matter, the novel itself, and some closing matter that consisted of a brief thanks and a preview of Arise. Of those sections the only one I wanted numbered was the main part of the novel.
To set up sections decide what will constitute a section. Title page, copyright information, also by, contents, and dedication made up section one. The novel itself made up section two, and the final matter made up section three. Once you’ve got that squared away click to get the cursor right at the end of the text at the end of a section. Select Page Layout and look for Breaks. In breaks look toward the bottom for Section breaks. Select the one that works best for you (continuous works quite nicely and doesn’t insert unnecessary page breaks. Keep doing this until you’ve got your sections.
All we just did was tell Word that the document consists of multiple sections. This is important, as far as we’re concerned, because it will let us use page numbers on only some parts of the document.
Now, for the fun part.
Double click anywhere at the top your manuscript and that should dump you into Header Footer editing mode. Make sure Link To Previous is NOT selected. If it is, the page numbers you set here will be copied into the previous section. That kind of defeats the purpose of making sections. Select Page numbers and start with Format Page Numbers. The key thing to do here is make sure you don’t continue numbering from the previous section. Select you number format (1,2,3) and, in the page numbering section, make sure to select Start at 1.
Another thing to remember is books have facing pages. Look for a set of check marks that say Different First Page, Different Odd & Even Pages, and Show Document Text. Different First page just means the first page of the section won’t have a page number. Different Odd & Even pages means you can set the page numbers in opposite corners. Show Document Text just shows the document text.
Make sure Different Odd & Even pages is selected.
Now you can actually add the page numbers. Select the Page Numbers drop down and pick something that looks good. You’ll likely have to edit it, so don’t get too wrapped up in how the samples look.
If all went according to plan you should have page numbers starting at one and going to whatever page ends this section. If not, highlight the page number on the first page of the current section and delete it. That’ll get rid of the others and you can start over. You’ll note they’re kind of ostenatious, though, with all their fancy underlining. You can reformat these just like any other thing in your document. You’ll have to do this twice, once for the even pages and once for the odd pages.
Highlight the page number, go to the Home tab and format it however you deem fit. Then do the same thing for the opposite page. You should wind up something that looks like this.
If it all looks good, congrats. You’re almost done. The last thing to do is put in a Table of Contents (if you want one). Go back to someplace in the first section, insert a page, and find Table of Contents on the References tab. Select the one you want and drop it into place. Format it however you want. You can also build a TOC from scratch if you want to. It’s not difficult (I did it), but it is beyond the scope of this post. If enough people ask, I’ll put together a post on how to do it.
If all looks well, you’re done. Go over the document with a fine-toothed comb. CreateSpace books aren’t as easy to update as Kindle books so make sure it looks exactly like you want before you publish it to CreateSpace.
Questions, comments? Leave a note and I’ll be happy to get back to you. If I missed a step, let me know and I’ll get it added.