Three Quotes For Three Days, Part Deux

Thanks to Val Tobin for nominating me for the “Three Quotes for Three Days” challenge.
The rules of the challenge are:
Three quotes for three days.
Three nominees each day (no repetition).
Thank the person who nominated you.
Inform the nominees.

“If you spend too much time thinking about a thing, you’ll never get it done.” -Bruce Lee

bruce

I have heard countless people say they’d love to write a book – and have this fantastic tale to tell, full of sound and fury and goblins and cross-dressing dragons and guys with guns and, trust me folks, it’s gonna be great – only they need to find the time and work out the details. Make time. You don’t need to have a whole freaking day set aside for writing. And quit thinking so much about it; just write the damned thing already. Writing is a long-distance sport and the sooner you start, the better.

I nominate

Sylva Fae

Bryan Nowak

Grant Leishman

BTW, all these folks are extremely talented people. You should go check out their works.

Punch Out!

There are a lot of different ways to punch someone: strong arm in front, strong arm in back, jabs, punching along a straight line, hooking punches, uppercuts, vertical fist, horizontal fist, half fist, and so on.  If it’s a fist, someone has figured out how to hit with it and people tend to get themselves wrapped around the axle about which way is best.  Most sytems, especially the hard-style systems, tend to throw the power strike from the rear hand.

The hand that's furthest away from your opponent is your rear hand

The hand that’s furthest away from your opponent is your rear hand

Science!

Science!

The reason for putting the strong punch in the back hand is due to the way you can use your hips and legs to help generate punching power.  Simply put, when you engage your whole body starting with the legs, moving through the hips and up into the shoulders to throw a punch, you can put a lot of power behind it.  Boxers use this kind of punch, as do most karateka, kickboxers, Krav Maga, and Tae Kwon Do practitioners.  It’s relatively easy to learn (if somewhat hard to master), and highly effective.  It does, however, have one drawback: since your fist is further away from your opponent so it has further to travel before it hits.

Enter some other styles, including Wing Chun and the style put together by this guy

He just hit you.  You'll feel it tomorrow.  Maybe.

He just hit you. You’ll feel it tomorrow. Maybe.

That system is, of course, Jeet Kune Do, also known as the Way of the Intercepting Fist.  Jeet Kune Do emphasizes putting your strong hand forward and stroking quickly.  It makes for a different kind of generating power and is a tad harder to master, but works quite nicely when you want a fast strike.  So, your straight punch works like this:

Note the twist of the hips to generate the power.

Note the twist of the hips to generate the power.

But a strong forward punch can work just as well.

One inch punch.  Note which hand he's using.

One inch punch. Note which hand he’s using.

Lee could knock a guy down with a one inch punch from the front hand.

Both styles of punching contain a lot of power, you just have to generate it a bit differently.  The twist of the hips doesn’t work the same way with your strong hand forward.  You’ll still engage your hips but there’s also more of a push off from the back leg.  I’m sure someone has done some actual studies on this and found using the rear had for the power strike will generate more power, but there’s more to strike than just the power.

Kenpo is one of those systems that empasizes the power strike coming from the rear hand.  We tend to use our front hand to jab and parry.  Unfortunately, fighting is a fluid situation and you don’t always have time to set up that perfect position for a strike so over the past couple kids’ classes I’ve been trying to introduce them to punching from unconventional positions.  Last night we worked on using the front hand as the power hand.  I stole a lesson from Jeet Kune Do that I picked up somewhere or another and introduced them to the water hose analogy.  This is similar to the whipping philosophy for circular strikes in that it requires a relaxed arm but rather than working from arcing position the water hose analogy works on explosively moving forward.

To try it out yourself, get a solid stance that will let you push forward with your rear leg.  Keep your arms relaxed.  I started the class with their hands on their thighs, but you can really do it from anywhere.  Now, imagine what happens to a water hose when water suddenly flows into it.  It goes from soft and dangly to rigid very quickly, right?  Keep that image firmly in your mind and just raise your hand from your thigh into a punch.  You’ll get a kind of upward then forward movement in your fist.  Imagine it almost as your fist is attached to your shoulder with rope and you’re throwing your fist forward.  Practice, practice, practice and you’ll soon find you can whip that arm forward from any position and drive it forward with your rear leg.  If you’re relaxed you’ll get an explosively fast punch with almost no telegraphing.

Bam!

Bam!

It may not be as powerful as standard rear hand punch, but it’s wicked quick and it doesn’t matter how powerful a punch is if it doesn’t hit anything.

One thing to keep in mind is punching is like anything else: the more you do it the better you’ll get at it.  Find a heavy bag and start hitting it regularly.  Practice slowly at first and work your way up to experimenting with different strikes.  Make sure to use some kind of hand protection (I use cotton wraps) or your hand might wind up looking like this.

Broken arm

 

Now, if you’re so inclined, here’s the science behind Bruce Lee’s one inch punch.

Bruce Lee’s One Inch Punch

Go train hard and train safe.

Simplify

As these things go, Kenpo is a pretty simple system.  Some martial arts are so in-depth they can take decades to learn and even longer to master.  Most people can get a black belt in Kenpo in about five years or so.  Mastery, of course, can take much longer depending on the student.  I started in 1999 and am only now starting to truly understand the nuances of the techniques.  Things like position relative to an opponent and how to create and utilize distance required much more in-depth analysis.

Such is the nature of fighting, I guess.

Of course, this leads to an interesting problem.  I firmly believe everyone should be able to take care of themselves.  After all, when seconds count, the police are mere minutes away and they’ll be there to helpfully clean up the aftermath.  The problem lies in the fact that not everyone has 15 years to get a point of understanding how to defend themselves.

The other problem, as I see it, is traditional martial artists tend to get themselves wrapped around the axle about memorizing the techniques and kata without actually understanding what the technique or the kata is trying to teach.  I see this all the time in classes.  People memorize the movement but lack a complete understanding of the movement.

Some of this is due to the fact that the only yardstick schools have for testing progress is whether or not a student can do x techniques and y katas.  Some of it’s due to students wanting the belt, but not wanting to invest the time in understanding the material that makes up the belt.  Unfortunately, there aren’t a whole lot of viable alternatives to this mechanism.  There’s a story in Kenpo about an instructor here in Albuquerque that used to do belt tests by having his students go to a bar and start a fight.  He’d watch the fight and, based on the student’s performance, decide if the student moved up a rank.

I seriously hope it’s an urban myth, but knowing how the martial arts were taught in the 70s and 80s, it’s probably not.

So, take together the fact that most people don’t have a decade to invest in learning to defend themselves and the fact that schools tend to be focused on teaching the technique instead of teaching an understanding of the technique, the traditional martial arts would seem to have a problem brewing.  They’re churning out black belts who don’t understand what they’ve learned and they’re seeing a drop off in enrollment.

What I’d like to see, and what I’m thinking about offering as a class, is a simple personal defense class.  Rather than focusing on techniques and katas and belt promotion, I’d like to take a set of movements and teach casual students how to recombine a small handful of basic kicks and punches into something they don’t have to think to use.  Most people will never need the vast amount of knowledge that comes with a black belt; an understanding of basic movements is sufficient to keep most people safe and alive.

Years ago Jeet Kun Do was born out of a similar philosophy.  Bruce Lee looked at the traditional Wushu (he was Wing Chun student) he’d learned and decided it was too rigid to be effective, so he simplified it.  He took the things he felt worked, tore out the things that didn’t, and created a simple but effective system.  Note: this is not to say Wing Chun has any inherent problems; it’s a terribly effective system.

I’m no Bruce Lee, but, at least for myself, I’d like to do the same thing with Kenpo.

 

Chi, Muscle Memory, and the Kiai

Some years ago there was apparently a bit of a tiff at our Kenpo school over exactly what chi is.  One of our senior black belts had gotten into his head that chi was related to piezoelectric processes.  Another of our students, who had written his dissertation on piezoelectricity calmly corrected the senior.  The senior black belt was less than enthused at being corrected, even if he was pretty much dead wrong.   There was some tussling and some anger.  Typical martial artists getting their dander up kind of stuff.  In case you’re wondering: no, I wasn’t involved in this and only heard about it later.

So what the hell is chi anyway?  Martial artists talk about it all the time like we understand it, but it remains a mystical thing for the most part.  The old Chinese masters implied it was some sort of energy field that could be manipulated, not unlike the Force from Star Wars.  Others have made equally outrageous claims: you can deplete your chi by having sex, someone with strong chi can punch down buildings, and so on.

Trying to separate fact from fancy in the martial arts world has been a beloved pastime of mine, and there’s no end of fancy in that world.  In my twenty some odd years of study I’ve come across all sorts of nonsense from chi to death punches and everywhere in between.

What is chi?  In my opinion it’s a pretty straightforward thing that’s sometimes difficult to accomplish.  When your mind is focused and body is running smoothly and you get that perfect shot without even trying, that’s chi.  It’s the alignment of mind and body, both focused on the task at hand.  In my experience, there’s nothing magical or mystical about it and everyone has experienced their own chi at some point or another in their lifetimes.

Think about the time when you did something that should have been difficult but it felt easy.  That’s chi.

I guess the question then becomes, “How do you increase chi?”

Practice and focus.  That’s all it really takes.  The more you practice and the better your focus gets, the more you chi goes up.  I guess, in some ways, it’s linked to muscle memory.  For the uninitiated, muscle memory is the theory that once you practice something enough it becomes automatic.  It’s not a perfect term because muscles don’t remember anything, it’s your brain retaining information about the best way to perform a task.  We all do this every day.  When you hit the brakes on your car, you’re not thinking about how to hit the brakes, you just hit the brakes.

You hit this point of just doing something by doing it a lot.  It’s almost like your brain is firing off a macro or a stored procedure: the execution of the task is nearly automatic.  All you’re doing is willing the movement to happen and it happens without needing to think about how to make it happen.

In the martial arts world, we develop muscle memory the same way everyone else does: repetition.  Do it a lot and it becomes second nature.

Bruce Lee had a great quote about this.  “Before I studied martial arts, a punch was just a punch. When my studies began, I realized a punch wasn’t just a punch. Now that I have mastered martial arts, I realize, a punch is just a punch!”

Bruce trained relentlessly.  Doubtless he threw more punches in a day than most people throw in a lifetime.  His punches were amazingly fast, owing to practice and his tireless training schedule.  His one inch punch is the stuff of legend.  On a personal note, my three inch punch is slowly getting better.

So, there you have it.  Chi and muscle memory.  Practice, practice, practice.  Stay relaxed.  Practice, practice, practice.   Practice gets you used to doing a thing, relaxing means you’re fighting your opponent and not yourself.  When everything aligns nicely, you’ve got good chi.

Which leads to the kiai.

The kiai is the shout that’s common among karateka and other martial artists.  It seems to be more prevalent in the Japanese styles than in the Chinese systems.  I don’t have enough experience with other schools to make a judgement call, but I gather it’s pretty common in the Korean systems, as well.  In Kenpo, we shout “Ights” (lights without the l), but other systems and people make their own noises.

I kind of break from tradition on the kiai.  There are those out there that feel you absolutely cannot be your strongest without a strong kiai, but I’ve never been one of them.

What is the kiai supposed to accomplish?  In my mind it puts a couple of things together: breathing and focus.  Sounds very chi-like, right?  Well, that’s the general gist.  When you punch, you’re taught to kiai, often as loud as you can.  By focusing on aligning the attack with the noise you help encode the idea you breathe out when you strike.  This both keeps you breathing and helps prevent an incoming strike from locking up your breath when it hits you.  When you get hit, you usually breathe in.  If you had already been holding your breath or inhaling when you get punched, the results can be disastrous.  Trying to inhale when your lungs are already full of air is a recipe for problems.  But, if you kiai when you strike, you’ve already exhaled so the natural inclination to inhale on a strike is actually a good thing.

I fully believe in this part of the kiai.  It’s great for teaching breath control.  The other side of the equation, the idea that you cannot have a strong attack without a strong kiai I agree with to a point.  We all grunt when we do something hard.  It’s natural.  The kiai expounds on that and amplifies it.  It lets you focus your energy.

Again, this is a great tool for training, but I’ve found that I’ve dropped the outward expression of the kiai – the noise – and kept the internal expression of focused energy.

As a result of this, I’ve had numerous debates about the efficacy of the kiai.  Traditional martial arts dogma says you absolutely cannot be your best without it, but I tend to disagree.  It’s just a noise.  Keep the breathing control and keep the focus.  Hell, keep the sound if you like it, it doesn’t hurt anything, but I have my doubts as to whether the noise alone is important.